|9/24/2008: Sudan's Unraveling Peace and the Challenge to U.S. Policy|
Wednesday, Sept. 24
The 2005 Sudanese Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) brought an end to a 22-year long north-south civil war that killed 2 million people and forced another 4 million to flee their homes. Today that fragile peace is at grave risk of collapsing.
The CPA set a timeline of actions to be taken over six years, including a referendum in 2011 to decide whether the South would stay within a united Sudan or become independent. The CPA called for demarcation of disputed boundaries, revenue-sharing of Sudan’s oil wealth, the establishment of local governments that are truly representative of local populations, institutional protections for human rights, and crucial preparations for elections at all levels, to be held next year, to establish the principle of democratic accountability. Many of those provisions remain unfulfilled.
The hearing of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom will examine U.S. options for encouraging the full implementation of the peace agreement and averting a return to a bloody north-south civil war fueled in part by religious divisions.
Testimony of Members of Congress: